The analemma is a figure 8 looking piece (sometimes also just oval), commonly visible in the pacific oceans. It allows precise calculations of mean time (the time by which we set our clocks) by accounting for the tilt of the earth’s axis. It also marks the solstices and equinoxes.
The rod or shaft upon which the globe rotates
CALOTTE (polar calottes)
Polar calottes are mostly seen on European globes. Instead of the paper gores covering the poles, two round pieces of paper (calottes) cover the poles.
A label on a globe, identifying manufacturer and its location, model and sometimes the year of production.
A mounted Sphere, displaying the stars and zodiacs
A mounting type which allows for the globe to be removed from its base for close-up viewing. The orb is without an axis and may rotate unrestricted in any direction.
A unit of measurement of a globe, 1/360th of the circumference of a circle.
A line passing through the center of a sphere, measuring the diameter.
Generally referred to as the half of the earth which includes Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and nearby ocean areas.
The great circle around the earth midway between the poles, dividing earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
Band applied to the equator to cover the seam of machine pressed globes.
The two times of the year, usually about March 21 and September 23, when the sun’s rays are perpendicular to the Equator, day and night are of equal length everywhere.
The only true world map, made on a ball or sphere in the shape of the earth.
Also called sphere or orb.
Paper sections upon which the globe map is printed. Common amount of gores per globe is 12, with 2 polar calottes on most European models.
see Prime Meridian
The network of meridians and parallels on a globe
Any half of the earth’s surface
HORIZON BAND OR RING
A ring attached to some globe stands to represent the celestial horizon, a great circle which divides the globe into hemispheres; often calibrated in degrees, miles, hours, points of the compass, days of the month, and signs of the zodiac.
INCLINATION OF THE EARTH’S AXIS
The tilt of the earth’s axis 23 1/2 degrees from a perpendicular to the plane of its orbit.
INTERNATIONAL COLORING SCHEME
The contour layer coloring method of showing elevations on maps and globes, in which shades of green are used for lower elevations, shades of yellow for intermediate elevations, and shades of orange and brown for higher elevations.
INTERNATIONAL DATE LINE
The arbitrary line where the day is to begin and end. Except for variations for local convenience, the line follows the 180th meridian.
LATITUDE & LONGITUDE (see additional info below)
Latitude and Longitude help establish points on the globe and have been used as a navigational system for location. They are the horizontal and vertical lines covering a terrestrial globe. Combined they are called a grid.
Horizontal lines on most terrestrial globes, with the equator being the central line in the middle. All points north of the equator are north latitude, south of the equator South latitude. Also identifies the zones such as the artic circle and tropical zone.
Identifications of symbols and details on maps such as railways, flight routes
Vertical lines on the globe. The prime meridian (through Greenwich) is at 0 with all other meridians being east or west of it in 15 degree intervals.
MERIDIAN (HALF MERIDIAN / FULL MERIDIAN)
Metal band either half or full around a globe, attached to the globe on both poles and connected to the base. Often identifying degrees. Also see Longitude
What the globe /sphere is attached to and contains it. Many different mounts have been provided . See Plain Mount , Cradle mount, Stationary mount, Hanging or Suspended Mount.
The half of the earth’s surface north of the Equator.
Another word for globe or sphere
As in overlay of the cartouche. When a label is applied over the original cartouche.
PARALLELS OF LATITUDE
East-west lines around the globe which are parallel to the Equator.
A globe mounted onto the base without any form of meridian.
PRIME MERIDIAN (Greenwich Time)
The zero meridian from which east and west longitude are measured, passing through Greenwich. The 00 longitude (the Prime Meridian) is also from which time around the world is calculated.
The grid or network of parallels and meridians upon which a flat map is drawn.
The turning of the earth on its axis.
The numerical relationship between an actual distance on the earth and the distance which represents it on a map.
The times of the year, about June 21 and December 22, when the sun’s rays reach their northern and southern: limits at the tropic lines
The half of the earth’s surface south of the Equator.
Another word for round ball or globe. Also see Orb
Mounting that does not allow for the sphere and full meridian to be removed from the base.
A mounted Sphere, displaying the world.
Thin metal circle to be found on top of most 20th century US Globes, divided into 24 parts, imprinted or engraved with the hours of day and night. Allows calculating the time difference between various locations on the globe.
Generally referred to as the half of the earth which includes North America and South America.
An imaginary belt in the heavens, extending 80 on either side of the ecliptic and divided into 12 parts, each represented by a symbol.